How Do You Craft an Effective O Level Discursive Essay?

If you’re looking to master the craft of writing an O Level discursive essay, you’re in the right place. This guide will lead you through the steps to write a balanced, objective piece that promotes critical thinking while exploring all sides of an argument.

What is a Discursive Essay?

A discursive essay is a form of essay that discusses a specific topic by presenting arguments from different perspectives. It requires research to generate sound arguments that acknowledge and analyze both sides of a topic. It’s not about persuasion or personal opinions – the goal is to inform by presenting a balanced argument.

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Choosing a Topic

One of the initial steps in writing a discursive essay is choosing a topic. The topic should be intriguing, allowing more than one perspective to be analyzed. Research your topic using academic sources to construct a beneficial discussion. A smart choice of topic, one with plenty of academic sources, will make your task easier.

Essay Structure

    • Introduction: Set the stage for your reader by stating your stance clearly or indicating a balanced view.
    • Body: This is where your discussions unfold. Each paragraph should focus on a specific point, providing evidence from credible sources to back your claims. You must also present a counter-argument for every argument.
    • Conclusion: In the conclusion, recap the key points and state your final position if needed. Remember to keep this section concise and conclusive.
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The Critical Role of the Thesis Statement

Creating a proper thesis statement for a discursive essay is crucial. This statement must indicate more than one perspective in an impartial way, providing a roadmap for the essay. The thesis statement should be based on preliminary research and not personal opinions.

Writing the Essay

When you have formed your arguments, begin writing the essay. Maintain an academic tone and formal language throughout. Start with a captivating introduction, then argue each point logically and impersonally in the body, using connective words for smooth transitions, and finally, summarize your essay in the conclusion. Remember to provide evidence for every claim and counterclaim you make.

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Revision is an often-overlooked step that can make a big difference to the quality of your essay. Read, revise, repeat. The process of revision will help you identify inconsistencies, repetition, cohesion or lack thereof, and so on.


Being able to craft a solid discursive essay is a skill that will serve you well in your academic life. These essays help foster critical thinking, balancing arguments and representing different viewpoints, all while maintaining an impersonal and fact-based standpoint. The process may seem daunting initially, but with practice, you will find your groove. Happy writing!

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